Revista Brasileira de Educação Médica
Print version ISSN 0100-5502
PORTUGAL, Hélio Sérgio Pinto et al. A synthetic three-dimensional pelvic model as an effective didactic tool compared to cadaveric pelvis. Rev. bras. educ. med. [online]. 2011, vol.35, n.4, pp.502-506;. ISSN 0100-5502. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-55022011000400009.
Anatomy is considered a fundamental subject of medical education. Practical classes which involve the use of manipulable anatomic components are essential to teaching and learning. The aim of this study was to evaluate the synthetic pelvic model (SPM) as a didactic tool, compared to the traditionally- -used cadaveric pelvis (CP), as well as student satisfaction in relation to both methods. Sixty-seven students were given a theory class following the preliminary theoretical test (PTT). The study sample was randomized in three groups: G1 had a traditional practical class (TPC); G2 had a practical class with SPM (PCS); and G3 had no practical class. A final test (FTT) was applied to all the groups. G1 and G2 were subjected to method evaluation (ME). Statistical analysis was conducted using analysis of variance (ANOVA) and the Mann-Whitney U test. In the FTT, G3 presented scores lower than G1 (p = 0.041) and G2 (p = 0.000). No statistically significant difference was found between G1 and G2 (p >0.05). G2 presented greater satisfaction with the method (p = 0.001). In conclusion, both CP and SPM proved to be effective didactic tools and student satisfaction was greater with G2.
Keywords : Medical Education; Anatomy; Anatomical Model; Pelvic Floor.