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Revista Brasileira de Educação Médica

versão impressa ISSN 0100-5502

Resumo

BALDUINO, Paula Martins et al. The patient's perspective in the anamnese script: the student's view. Rev. bras. educ. med. [online]. 2012, vol.36, n.3, pp.335-342. ISSN 0100-5502.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-55022012000500007.

INTRODUCTION: To enable the student to view the disease integrated into the person's life story, questions related to the patient's subjectivity were included in the anamnese script. OBJECTIVE: Investigate the perceptions of students from 1st to 3rd grades of the Medical School of Escola Superior de Ciências da Saúde related to patient's perspectives. METHODOLOGY: Descriptive, quantitative, qualitative, exploratory and transversal study. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire applied to a sample of 60 students and complemented by a semi-structured interview conducted with a sample of ten students. RESULTS: 69% of the students often feel free to ask about the patient's perspectives and 47.3% rarely feel prepared to accept the patient face of the feelings mobilized by the item. CONCLUSION: The inclusion of questions related to the patient's perspectives in the anamnese script was positive, even that not sufficient to create empathy bonds, which indicates the need for greater attention to the development and consolidation of emotional and empathic skills in students. We also observed the persistence of the difficulties inherent to the inclusion of the patient's subjectivities during the interview, which may increase the risk of erosion of empathy during the course.

Palavras-chave : Empathy; Physician-Patient Relations; Anamnese Medical Education.

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