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Revista Brasileira de Educação Médica

Print version ISSN 0100-5502On-line version ISSN 1981-5271

Abstract

PEREIRA, Patricia Fonseca et al. Influence of Pathology Teaching on the Performance of Pathologists and Infectious Diseases Specialists in Rio de Janeiro. Rev. bras. educ. med. [online]. 2018, vol.42, n.1, pp.216-225. ISSN 1981-5271.  https://doi.org/10.1590/1981-52712018v42n1rb20170106.

Studies on the teaching of pathology are scarce in Brazil and show a demotivating scenario for students and professors. Although it is fundamental for medical training, the distance between pathology and other clinical disciplines leads to students not recognizing the importance of pathology for their professional education, especially in the field of infectious diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the teaching-learning process of pathology in three medical schools in the state of Rio de Janeiro which offer traditional teaching, and its impact on the work of pathologists and infectious disease specialists. It is a qualitative study using the collective subject discourse technique in semi-structured interviews. We interviewed seven pathology professors from the three medical schools along with 10 physicians, five pathologists working in pathology laboratories and five infectious disease specialists from a referral center on infectious diseases in Rio de Janeiro. The discipline of pathology is taught in a non-contextualized manner limited to a few semesters. Professors recognize that non-contextualized classes neither stimulate interest in the specialty nor prepare students for interaction with pathologists and pathology laboratories. For infectious disease specialists, medical undergraduates’ lack of perception regarding the importance of pathology leads to difficult interaction between pathologists and infectious disease specialists. This difficult interaction translates into incomplete histopathological requests, difficulty in interpreting pathology reports and inadequate sending of samples. Infectious disease specialists and pathologists believe that a focus on more practical activities, greater integration with clinical disciplines and the presence of pathologists in other learning scenarios would increase interest in pathology. All the professors and physicians surveyed acknowledged the existence of gaps in the teaching of pathology in medical schools and the need for a reformulation to make it a more interesting discipline and aligned with future practice.

Keywords : Medical Education; Pathology; Communicable Diseases.

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