versión On-line ISSN 1806-9088
RIBEIRO, Rafael Vasconcelos et al. Chlorophyll fluorescence of tropical tree species in a semi-deciduous forest gap. Rev. Árvore [online]. 2004, vol.28, n.1, pp.21-27. ISSN 1806-9088. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-67622004000100004.
The characterization of different ecological groups in a forest formation/succession is unclear. To better define the different successional classes, we have to consider ecophysiological aspects, such as the capacity to use or dissipate the light energy available. The main objective of this work was to assess the chlorophyll fluorescence emission of tropical tree species growing in a gap of a semi-deciduous forest. Three species of different ecological groups were selected: Croton floribundus Spreng. (pioneer, P), Astronium graveolens Jacq. (early secondary, Si), and Esenbeckia febrifuga A. Juss. (late secondary, St). The potential (Fv/Fm) and effective (DF/Fm') quantum efficiency of photosystem II, apparent electron transport rate (ETR), non-photochemical (qN) and photochemical (qP) quenching of fluorescence were evaluated, using a modulated fluorometer, between 7:30 and 11:00 h. Values of Fv/Fm remained constant in St, decreasing in P and Si after 9:30 h, indicating the occurrence of photoinhibition. Concerning the measurements taken under light conditions (DF/Fm', ETR, qP and qN), P and Si showed better photochemical performance, i.e., values of DF/Fm', ETR and qP were higher than St when light intensity was increased. Values of qN indicated that P and Si had an increasing tendency of dissipating the excess of energy absorbed by the leaf, whereas the opposite was found for St. The principal component analysis (PCA), considering all evaluated parameters, showed a clear distinction between St, P and Si, with P and Si being closer. The PCA results suggest that chlorophyll fluorescence may be a potential tool to differentiate tree species from distinct successional groups.
Palabras clave : Chlorophyll fluorescence; ecophysiology; successional classes; Croton floribundus; Astronium graveolens; Esenbeckia febrifuga.