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On-line version ISSN 1806-9088
RODRIGUES, Adriana Paula D'Agostini Contreiras et al. Treatments for Adenanthera pavonina L. seed dormancy overcoming. Rev. Árvore [online]. 2009, vol.33, n.4, pp. 617-623. ISSN 1806-9088. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-67622009000400004.
Considering the necessity of better knowledge about the dormancy overcoming processes of a species of a species of economic interest, the objective of the present article was to evaluate the different treatments used for Adenanthera pavonina L. seed dormancy overcoming germinated under three temperatures (30, 35 and 40ºC). Two experiments were carried out: immersion in sulfuric acid (H2SO4) for 10, 20 and 30 minutes; mechanical scarification by the sandpaper for wood #80 for 15, 30 and 45 seconds and the control. A completely randomized experimental design was used for each experiment, with four repetitions with 40 seeds each. It was performed a regression analysis for each variable. The analyzed variables were: germination percentage in seven days; germination speed index (IVG) and germination speed (VG), accomplished daily through the counting of the germinated seeds. The seeds that showed radicle protrusion were considered germinated and they are discarded later. Under the conditions in which the procedures were conduced, it was possible to infer that: the temperature of 35ºC promoted the highest germination percentages in seven days; The highest germination percentage at 35ºC can be obtained with the immersion in H2SO4, for 22 minutes, or mechanical scarification by the sandpaper for wood #80, for 20 seconds. The maximum IVG, by 27 minutes (in H2SO4) or by 32.5 seconds (mechanical scarification) and the maximum VG, by 27.3 minutes (in H2SO4) or 34 seconds (mechanical scarification).
Keywords : Mechanical scarification; acid scarification; Adenanthera pavonina L.