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On-line version ISSN 1806-9088
BRANCALION, Pedro Henrique S. et al. Legal instruments can enhance high-diversity tropical forest raestoration. Rev. Árvore [online]. 2010, vol.34, n.3, pp.455-470. ISSN 1806-9088. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-67622010000300010.
The failure of most efforts undertaken to restore natural high-diversity tropical forests, like the Atlantic Forest, has resulted in a very intense round of discussions on the science and best-practice of ecological restoration in the state of São Paulo, southeastern Brazil. This culminated in the participatory elaboration of a state resolution concerning technical and orientation aspects for restoration activities, which has been reviewed and updated periodically in workshops that bring together more than 200 professionals. The aim of this resolution was to maximize the establishment of biologically viable forests, with plant richness consistent with the reference ecosystem, to ensure the persistence of restored forests and protect native biodiversity. The contributions of this resolution for the improvement and stimulation of restoration actions are evident today. Between 2003 and 2008, when the resolution was heavily discussed, seedling production of native shrubs and trees in the state increased from 13,000,000 (55 nurseries) to 33,000,000 (114 nurseries) per year, and average number of plant species produced in nurseries also increased from 30 to over 80, reflecting the increase of restoration actions. In our view, the existing legal instrument has served well as a mechanism to accompany environmental public policy aimed at protection of the collective interests of society. In particular, it guides and orients the bulk of investments in ecological restoration and enhances the prospects for maximizing the societal benefits that can and should be obtained from restoration activities, including the persistence of biodiversity in human-modified tropical landscapes.
Keywords : Resolution SMA-08; Reference ecosystem; Environmental public policy.