On-line version ISSN 1806-9088
MIRANDA, Larissa de Almeida et al. Evaluation of grits as the building materials in the production of soil-cement bricks. Rev. Árvore [online]. 2011, vol.35, n.6, pp.1335-1340. ISSN 1806-9088. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-67622011000700020.
Grits is a solid residue, with sandy characteristics and grayish appearance, produced by the kraft pulp industry, during the recovery stage of white liquor used in the cooking of the wood chips. The aim of this paper was to study the potential of grits as a building material, considering their employability in the manufacturing of soil-cement blocks. To set the ideal amount of residue to be used, the traits in volume 1:14:0; 1:10,5:3,5; 1:7:7; 1:3,5:10,5; 1:0:14 of cement, soil and grits were studied, respectively. The materials were characterized by the sieve analysis, liquid limit and plastic limit tests and the results are consistent with the prescriptive requirements. The practical test of the box was also used to verify the materials and the results met the recommendations. Once the compaction test was performed to obtain the optimum moisture content, the bricks were produced with 90% of this value, because the compressive strength is increased with dry material. However, it was not possible to produce blocks with traits 1:3,5:10,5 and 1:0:14 because, in these cases, mixtures of soil-cement-grits did not show sufficient plasticity. The blocks produced with others traits were tested for compressive strength and absorption. Regarding the compressive strength at 28 days, all traits had their mean values higher than the normalization, which is 2.0 MPa. The blocks which were produced with higher grits showed better performance in compressive strength. Therefore, this study not only has the environmental benefit of directing the residue properly, but also contributes to new construction materials.
Keywords : Soil-cement block; Industrial solid waste (grits); Construction; habitation.