Print version ISSN 0100-6916
CALDARA, Fabiana R. et al. Behavior, performance and physiological parameters of pigs reared in deep bedding. Eng. Agríc. [online]. 2012, vol.32, n.1, pp. 38-46. ISSN 0100-6916. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-69162012000100005.
An experiment was conducted to evaluate the behavior, performance and physiological parameters of pigs in different production systems. Twenty four animals in the growth phase were distributed in a randomized block design in three treatments: T1 - concrete floor, T2 - deep bedding with wood shaving, and T3 - deep bedding with coffee husks. The behavioral study was carried out by observing the animal behavior for an uninterrupted period of eight hours throughout seven weeks. The proportions of time spent in each behavior were characterized using the frequency histogram composition. Environmental (IBGTH), physiological (rectal and skin temperature and respiratory rate) and performance (weight gain, feed intake and feed conversion) parameters were measured in animals during the period. The production systems of deep bedding showed higher values of IBGTH. There was no effect of production systems evaluated on the performance parameters. Rectal temperature was higher in animals reared on deep bedding with coffee husks in relation to the concrete floor. The use of deep bedding benefited the behavior of piglets in the growth phase and it reduced the agonistic behavior among individuals.
Keywords : environment; animal welfare; coffee husks; wood shaving; swine production.