Print version ISSN 0100-6916
MATOS, Antonio T. de et al. Ventilation power demand for aeration of materials in composting. Eng. Agríc. [online]. 2012, vol.32, n.3, pp. 542-551. ISSN 0100-6916. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-69162012000300013.
This study aimed to adjust loss curves in static air pressure when forced into layers of organic material, with different thicknesses and two stages of biochemical degradation, to enable the calculation of the power demand of the ventilation system. The residues used to evaluate air pressure loss were poultry litter mixed with coffee cherry husk, mass ratio of 2.5:1, to obtain an initial C/N relation of 30:1. It was found that the loss in static pressure increased linearly with the thickness of the organic compound, and that there was an increase in static pressure loss with increased specific flow rate of air, which practically did not change by the biochemical degradation stage of the composting material. All models used (potential, logarithmic and quadratic) fit the experimental data in the range of specific air flow between 0.045 and 0.159 m3 s-1 m-2, and they may be used to predict the static pressure gradients in the organic compost. The power demanded by the ventilation system in layers of 1 m thickness was 1.16 W t-1 in the material before composting, and 2.38 W t-1, after 60 days of composting. In layers of 2 m thickness, the demand was 17.70 and 21.65 W t -1, respectively.
Keywords : solids residues; aerated static piles; aerobic process.