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Engenharia Agrícola

Print version ISSN 0100-6916

Abstract

CARVALHO, Daniel F. de et al. Crop coefficient and water consumption of eggplant in no-tillage system and conventional soil preparation . Eng. Agríc. [online]. 2012, vol.32, n.4, pp. 784-793. ISSN 0100-6916.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-69162012000400018.

Under organic management in Seropédica-RJ, Brazil, using a weighing lysimeter, the crop coefficients (kc), the maximum evapotranspiration and the productivity of eggplant cultivation under two cropping systems (no tillage with straw plus soil with conventional preparation) were determined. A whole randomized layout with two treatments (no tillage and conventional) and five replicates during 134 days of cultivation were adopted. There were no significant differences in the eggplant cultivation in the two cropping systems, with a maximum commercial productivity obtained from 47.42 Mg ha-1 for the no-tillage system, and 47.91 Mg ha-1 for the conventional tillage. The accumulated ETc was 285.15 and 323.44 mm for the no-tillage and conventional, respectively. The crop coefficients value for the phases: 1 - transplanting, flowering, 2 - flowering-fruiting, 3 - fruit- first harvesting, 4- first harvesting of the final crop cycle was 0.83, 0.77, 0.90 and 0.97 in no-tillage system for the respective phases and for the conventional one  0.81, 1.14, 1.17 and 1.05 for the same steps described above.

Keywords : Solanum melongena L.; weighing lysimeter; irrigation.

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