Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
Print version ISSN 0100-6991
CAMPOS, Marcelo Ferraz de et al. Epidemiology of spine injuries. Rev. Col. Bras. Cir. [online]. 2008, vol.35, n.2, pp. 88-93. ISSN 0100-6991. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-69912008000200005.
BACKGROUND: Retrospective epidemiological analysis of 100 patients with trauma spine injury. METHOD: Data were collected through a local spine injury protocol, performing a transversal model. RESULTS: Major incidence varied from 20 to 40 years old (64% cases); 86% were male; thoracolumbar segment was the most injured segment (64%) whereas cervical segment counted for 36%. Simple falls were the most important cause, followed by car crash accident (25%) and complex falls (23%). Fire arm injuries counted for 7%, shallow dives for 3% and aggressions for 2%. Additional analysis between age, sex, cause, and spine segment was made. We found a greater incidence of cervical injury in females when in comparison to males (85.7% versus 14.3%). CONCLUSION: Spine injuries, prevailed in males between 20 and 40 years old, and the cervical segment was prevalent in women in a 6:1 proportion.
Keywords : Spinal fractures [epidemiology]; Spinal cord injuries; Accident; Spine.