Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
Print version ISSN 0100-6991
SOUZA, Luciana Rodrigues Queiroz de et al. Citophotometric expression of Caspase-3 in papillary thyroid carcinoma in nodular goiter colloid. Rev. Col. Bras. Cir. [online]. 2010, vol.37, n.5, pp. 316-322. ISSN 0100-6991. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-69912010000500002.
OBJECTIVE: To describe quantitative cytophotometric expression of the marker caspase-3 in colloid goiter and in papillary carcinoma of the thyroid, comparing the immunoexpression between them. METHODS: An immunohistochemistry study has been made on the protein caspase-3 in 17 of paraffin blocks of papillary carcinoma of the thyroid and 20 cases of colloid goiter, using SAMBA 4000 ® (System of Microscopic Analysis of Automatic Search), aiming analysis of the two variables: marker index and optical density. RESULTS: Statistic analysis indicated a significant difference for marker index between colloid goiter and papillary carcinoma, being this difference larger in the carcinoma. It hasn't been found significant difference in optical density. For colloid goiter, the estimated correlation coefficient between the marker index and optical density was 0,72, indicating the rejection of the null hypothesis (p <0,001), affirming that positive and significant association exists between them. For the papillary carcinoma of the thyroid, the same correlation was 0,34 and so, it is not possible to affirm that there's an association between them. CONCLUSION: For colloid goiter there is a positive and significant association between the two variables - marker index and optical density -, while for the papillary carcinoma, this is not proved. The quantitative analysis for caspase-3 demonstrates that apoptosis is larger in the papillary carcinoma of the thyroid than in colloid goiter.
Keywords : Papillary carcinoma; Thyroid; Colloid goiter; Caspase-3; Immunohistochemistry.