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Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões

Print version ISSN 0100-6991

Abstract

COLTRO, Pedro Soler et al. Role of plastic surgery on the treatment complex wounds. Rev. Col. Bras. Cir. [online]. 2011, vol.38, n.6, pp.381-386. ISSN 0100-6991.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-69912011000600003.

OBJECTIVE: To report the performance of plastic surgery in the treatment of complex wounds in a tertiary hospital, analyzing its characteristics, types of injuries and approaches adopted, with emphasis on surgical treatment. METHODS: We conducted a etrospective analysis of patients with complex wounds treated by plastic surgery in a tertiary hospital in a period of five years (2006 to 2010). Data collection was obtained from visits made, serial assessments and records of the medical charts. RESULTS: There were 1927 patients treated (32 queries / month), mean age 46.3 years, predominantly male (62%). The surgical specialties requested 1076 consultations (56%), and the clinical, 851 (44%). The distribution by type of wound showed predominance of pressure ulcers (635/33%), traumatic wounds (570/30%), complicated surgical wounds (305/16%) and necrotizing wounds (196/10%), with the remainder represented by vasculitis (83 / 4%), venous ulcers (79 / 4%), diabetes (41 / 2%) and post-radiation (18 / 1%). The treatment was surgical in 1382 patients (72%) and non-operative in 545 cases (28%). There were 3029 operations, predominantly debridement (1988/65%) and skin grafting (619/21%) associated or not with negative pressure therapy (vacuum), followed by pedicle flaps (237 / 8 %), digital reimplantation (81 / 3%), microsurgical flaps (66 / 2%) and other (38 / 1%). CONCLUSION: The plastic surgeon played an important role in the treatment of complex wounds by adopting early surgical treatment, contributing to the effective resolution of cases.

Keywords : Patients; Wounds and injuries; Surgical procedures,operative; Surgery, plastic; Skin transplantation.

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