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Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
Print version ISSN 0100-6991
SILVEIRA, Fábio Porto et al. Evaluation of serum levels of interleukin-6 and interleukin-10 in patients undergoing laparoscopic versus conventional cholecystectomy. Rev. Col. Bras. Cir. [online]. 2012, vol.39, n.1, pp. 33-40. ISSN 0100-6991. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-69912012000100008.
OBJECTIVE: To correlate serum preoperative and postoperative interleukin-6 and interleukin-10 levels in patients undergoing laparotomy versus laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS: From a total of 20 patients, 18 were included in the study, nine underwent cholecystectomy by laparoscopy and the other nine by laparotomy. Serum concentrations of IL-6 and IL-10 were measured in both groups. Blood samples were obtained in the times of 24 hours preoperatively and four, 12 and 24 hours after the procedure. The groups were compared regarding age, gender, body mass index (BMI), duration of anesthesia and operation. RESULTS: There was no significant statistical differences between groups related to age, gender, BMI, duration of anesthesia and operation. The comparison between the two procedurs demonstrated statistical differences for IL-6 in time 12 hours after operation (218.64 pg/ml laparotomic versus 67.71 pg/ml laparoscopic, p = 0.0003) and for IL-10 in time 24 hours after the procedure (24.46 pg/ml open versus 10.17 pg/qml laparoscopic, p <0.001). CONCLUSION: There was an Increase in plasma levels of interleukin-6 and 10 after surgical trauma with a significant increase in levels of interleukins in the laparotomic group in comparison with the laparoscopic group.
Keywords : Biological markers; Laparoscopy; Cholecystectomy; Interleukin-6; Interleukin-10.