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Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões

Print version ISSN 0100-6991

Abstract

MADUREIRA, Fábio Athayde Veloso et al. Predictive factors of morbidity in distal pancreatic resections. Rev. Col. Bras. Cir. [online]. 2012, vol.39, n.6, pp.496-501. ISSN 0100-6991.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-69912012000600009.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the postoperative morbidity of distal pancreatic resections and to investigate its predictive factors. METHODS: The study was conducted retrospectively from a prospectively database maintained. From 1994 to 2008, 100 consecutive patients underwent left pancreatic resections. The primary variable of interest was postoperative morbidity, and various other characteristics of the population were simultaneously recorded. Later, for the analysis of predictors of postoperative morbidity, the subgroup of patients who underwent distal pancreatectomy with spleen preservation (n = 65) was separately analyzed with regards to the different techniques of section of the pancreatic parenchyma, as well as to other possible predictors of postoperative morbidity. RESULTS: Considering all left pancreatic resections performed, the occurrence of overall, relevant and serious complications was 55%, 42% and 20%, respectively. The factors predictive of postoperative morbidity after distal pancreatectomy with spleen preservation were the technique employed for section of the pancreatic parenchyma, age, body mass index and the performance of concomitant abdominal operations. CONCLUSION: The morbidity associated with pancreatic resections to the left of the superior mesenteric vessels was high. According to the stratification adopted based on the severity of complications, some predictive factors have been identified. Future studies with larger cohorts of patients are needed to confirm these results.

Keywords : Operative surgical procedures; Pancreatectomy; Postoperative complications; Morbidity; Pancreatic fistula.

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