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Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia

versión impresa ISSN 0100-7203versión On-line ISSN 1806-9339


MOURA, Marcos Dias de et al. Clinical Treatment Evaluation of Endometriosis. Rev. Bras. Ginecol. Obstet. [online]. 1999, vol.21, n.2, pp.85-90. ISSN 1806-9339.

Purpose: to present a profile of endometriosis, stages and results of treatment among the patients seen in our Service. Methods: the medical records of 155 patients with endometriosis treated during the period from 1991 to 1996 according to a preestablished protocol were examined. Results: mean patient age was 31 years, most patients were white, with regular menstrual cycles. The most frequently observed symptoms were dysmenorrhea, pelvic pain and infertility and were mild in most of the cases. The diagnostic methods utilized were laparoscopy or echography. There was agreement between echography and laparoscopy in 96% of cases. Laparotomy was required in 28% of cases for diagnostic elucidation and/or treatment. Endometrioma was detected in 37% of the cases and endometriosis was confirmed in only 74% of the biopsies from the lesion by anatomopathological examination. There was a significant improvement with clinical treatment regardless of the drug used, with improved symptoms in approximately 50% of the patients. Assisted fertilization was performed in 34 patients, consisting of in vitro fertilization (IVF) for 80% of them, with a 27% pregnancy/transfer rate. Conclusions: the diagnostic method of choice should be laparoscopy, although echography presented a high rate of agreement. Anatomopathological examination of the lesions should be used as an adjuvant method in the diagnosis since it is not confirmatory in all of the cases. Clinical treatment with assisted reproductive technologies is a good therapeutic option, especially with the use of IVF.

Palabras clave : Endometriosis; In vitro fertilization; GNRH agonist; Laparoscopy.

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