Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
Print version ISSN 0100-7203
SAVARIS, Ricardo F.. Amnioinfusion during labor with meconium-stained amniotic fluid. Rev. Bras. Ginecol. Obstet. [online]. 1999, vol.21, n.7, pp. 389-392. ISSN 0100-7203. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-72031999000700004.
Purpose: to report the personal experience with the use of the amnioinfusion technique in patients in labor presenting meconial amniotic fluid, and the incidence of complications, the meconium aspiration syndrome and of cesarean sections. Method: twenty patients at term and in labor with meconial amniotic fluid were evaluated retrospectively, at the delivery ward at two public institutions of Rio Grande do Sul. An initial infusion of 1.000 ml of normal saline solution at room temperature, at an infusion rate of 20-30 ml per minute was initiated and then reduced to 3 ml per minute. The liquid was drained by elevating the cephalic pole. Results: the procedure was feasible when a nasogastric catheter was used. None of the patients presented major complications related to the procedure. None of the neonates presented meconium below their vocal cords. The cesarean section rate was 3/20 (15%). Conclusion: the amnioinfusion is a low-cost and feasible technique that did not show any complication in this study.
Keywords : Amnioinfusion; Fetal distress; Labor.