Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
versão impressa ISSN 0100-7203
FIGUEIREDO, Priscila Garcia et al. Microinvasive Carcinoma in the Cone Specimen in Women With Colposcopically Directed Biopsy Suggesting CIN 3. Rev. Bras. Ginecol. Obstet. [online]. 2002, vol.24, n.1, pp. 37-43. ISSN 0100-7203. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-72032002000100006.
Purpose: to determine the factors associated with the detection of a microinvasive carcinoma in the cervical cone of women with a previous colposcopically directed biopsy compatible with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) 3 and to evaluate the proportion of involved margins. Patients and methods: we reviewed the medical records of 385 women (mean age: 39 years) submitted to cold conization or conization by high frequency surgery (HFS) with a loop during the period from January 1993 to July 2000. These procedures were indicated on the basis of a biopsy compatible with (CIN) 3. Results: the diagnosis of the cone was compatible with (CIN) 3 in 243 (63%) women and with (CIN) 2 in 13 (3%). Only 10 presented HPV/CIN 1 (3%) and eight had no residual disease in the cone. However, 101 (26%) women presented a microinvasive carcinoma in the cone and 10 (3%) presented a frankly invasive carcinoma. Age, menstrual status and number of deliveries were not related to the severity of the cone lesion. Women with oncologic colpocytology changes suggestive of invasion presented a significantly higher risk of having a microinvasive or invasive carcinoma as determined by final histology (p<0.01), although 52 of the 243 women with CIN 2 or CIN 3 in the cone also showed a suggestion of invasion at colpocytology. Among the women with CIN 2 or 3, the epithelium was white in 44%, dotted in 21%, and mosaic-like in 17%. This proportion was similar for women with a microinvasive or invasive carcinoma, with these images being detected in 37%, 23% and 21% of the cases, respectively. Involvement of the cone margins was significantly higher among women submitted to HFS (49%) than among those submitted to cold conization (29%). Conclusion: the absence of independent clinical and colposcopic factors associated with the detection of a microinvasive carcinoma in women submitted to conization on the basis of a biopsy compatible with (CIN) 3 justifies the conical excision of the squamocolumnar junction in high grade cervical lesions.
Palavras-chave : Conization; Colposcopy; Intraepithelial neoplasia; Carcinoma, microinvasive.