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Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
On-line version ISSN 1806-9339
COSTA, Antonio Gadelha da et al. Peak systolic velocity and resistance index of fetal arteries during the second half of pregnancy. Rev. Bras. Ginecol. Obstet. [online]. 2005, vol.27, n.7, pp. 387-392. ISSN 1806-9339. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-72032005000700004.
PURPOSE: to assess peak systolic velocity (PSV) and the resistance index (RI) in the middle cerebral artery (MCA), suprarenal aorta (SRA) and infrarenal aorta (IRA) of the fetus and in the umbilical artery (UA) between the 22nd and 38th week of gestation. METHODS: a prospective study which evaluated the parameters of 33 normal fetuses in the 22nd, 26th, 30th, and 38th week of gestation. Pregnant women with a singleton fetus with no diseases or complications and who agreed to participate were included in the study. Exclusion criteria were fetal malformations, discontinuation of prenatal care visits and mothers who smoked, used alcohol or illicit drugs. Ultrasound examinations were performed by a single observer. For the acquisition of the Doppler velocimetry tracing in the MCA, SRA, IRA and UA, the sample volume was 1 to 2 mm, placed in the center of the arteries. The insonation angle was 5º to 19º in the MCA, below 45º in the SRA and IRA, and less than 60º in the UA. We used a wall filter of 50-100 Hz. The parameters were calculated automatically with the frozen image, three measurements being made. The final result was obtained by the arithmetic mean of the three values. Data were analyzed by analysis of variance (ANOVA), post hoc Bonferroni test, Pearson's correlation, and regression analysis. The level of significance was set at p<0.05 in all analyses. RESULTS: PSV increased from 26.3 to 57.7 cm/s in the MCA between the 22nd and the 38th week of gestation (p<0.05). In the SRA and in the IRA, PSV increased between the 22nd and 34th week of gestation, from 74.6 and 59.0 cm/s to 106.0 and 86.6 cm/s, respectively (p<0.05). In the UA, PSV increased between the 22nd and the 34th week of gestation, but decreased from 55.5 to 46.2 cm/s between the 34th and the 38th week of gestation. In the MCA, the RI was lower in the 22nd (0.81) and 38th week of gestation (0.75) and higher (0.85) in the 26th week (p<0.05). In the SRA, the RI values were stable in all weeks and in the IRA they were stable in most weeks (p>0.05). In the UA, RI decreased from 0.69 to 0.56 between the 22nd and 38th week of gestation (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: in normal fetuses, in the second half of gestation PSV increased in the MCA, SRA and IRA, decreasing in the UA between the 34th and 38th week of gestation. RI was lower in the 22nd and 38th weeks of gestation in the MCA, decreased between the 22nd and the 38th week in the UA, and was constant in most of the gestational weeks in the SRA and IRA.
Keywords : Blood flow velocity; Vascular resistance; Fetus/blood suply; Laser-doppler flowmetry.