Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
versão On-line ISSN 1806-9339
NAHAS, Eliana Aguiar Petri et al. Prevalence of subclinical hypothyroidism and its effects on lipidic profile and bone mineral density in postmenopausal women. Rev. Bras. Ginecol. Obstet. [online]. 2005, vol.27, n.8, pp. 467-472. ISSN 1806-9339. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-72032005000800006.
PURPOSE: to evaluate the prevalence of subclinical hypothyroidism and its effects on lipidic profile and bone mineral density (BMD) in postmenopausal women. METHODS: a cross-sectional study with survey of data from medical records of patients attended at a climacteric outpatient clinic. Inclusion criteria: postmenopausal women with measured thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and free thyroxin (T4-L). Exclusion criteria: hyperthyroidism and thyroid cancer. Values of TSH >5.0 mIU/ml and normal T4-L were considered to be subclinical hypothyroidism. The 329 selected women (55.2±6.4 years) were divided into three groups: normal thyroid function (control) (n=208), subclinical hypothyroidism (n=53) and clinical hypothyroidism under treatment (n=59). Clinical data, hormonal therapy use, body mass index (BMI=kg/m2), lipid profile (total cholesterol, HDL, LDL, triglycerides) and BMD of lumbar column and femur were obtained. RESULTS: subclinical hypothyroidism was diagnosed in 16.1% of the cases. The groups were homogeneous regarding clinical features, BMI or lipidic profile. BMD in lumbar column and femur was lower in subclinical and clinical hypothyroidism than in euthyroidism (p<0.001). There was a negative correlation between values of TSH and BMD of lumbar column and femur (p<0.001). There was no correlation between TSH values and age, menopause time, BMI, and lipid profile. The total of hormonal therapy users was 65.1%, mean duration of 3.43±2.42 years, not differing between the groups. CONCLUSION: subclinical hypothyroidism with prevalence of 16.1% in postmenopausal women was associated with lower BMD, with no effects on lipid profile.
Palavras-chave : Hypothyroidism; Postmenopause; Bone density; Lipids.