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Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia

Print version ISSN 0100-7203On-line version ISSN 1806-9339

Abstract

SILVA, Daniela Wosiack da et al. Coverage and factors associated with Papanicolaou testing in a city of Southern Brazil. Rev. Bras. Ginecol. Obstet. [online]. 2006, vol.28, n.1, pp.24-31. ISSN 0100-7203.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-72032006000100005.

PURPOSE: to verify the coverage and factors associated with Papanicolaou (Pap) testing in Londrina (PR), Brazil. METHODS: this is a cross-sectional study, carried out in 2004, in microareas of five Basic Health Units (BHU) of Londrina. One or two microareas from each BHU were selected and a list of all women aged 20-59 years resident in these places, was made through search in the Basic Attention Information System, the women being then visited and interviewed. Those with a Pap test in the last three years were considered as having an updated examination, and the remaining as delayed. The association of some factors with the examination situation was investigated. Data analysis was performed using Epi-Info 6.04d. RESULTS: Pap smear coverage among the 513 participants of the study was 80.7%, ranging from 71.5% to 88.4%. Delay in taking the test was higher (p<0.05) among women who worked only at home (22.4% as compared with 14.3% among those who worked outside), and among those who belonged to D/E social classes (24.9%) as compared to C (17.5%) and A/B (8.3%) classes. The proportion who ignored the next test date was higher (p<0.01) among those who had the last Papanicolaou testing at a BHU (14.7%), as compared to those who had been attended privately or by a health insurance company (5.8%). CONCLUSION: the coverage of Pap smear in the studied areas can be considered satisfactory, although there is a need of improving compliance with Pap test, mainly among women who are the poorest and who work only at home.

Keywords : Health services; Public health; Cervix neoplasms; Vaginal smears; Cytology; Brazil.

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