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Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia

versão impressa ISSN 0100-7203

Resumo

BUELONI-DIAS, Flávia Neves; SPADOTO-DIAS, Daniel; NAHAS NETO, Jorge  e  NAHAS, Eliana Aguiar Petri. Predictive factors for occurrence of endometrial polyps in postmenopausal women. Rev. Bras. Ginecol. Obstet. [online]. 2014, vol.36, n.11, pp.489-496. ISSN 0100-7203.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-720320140005090.

PURPOSE:

To evaluate the predictive clinical factors for the development of endometrial polyps in postmenopausal women.

METHODS:

Observational cohort study with postmenopausal women who had been at a public university hospital. Clinical, anthropometrical, laboratorial, and ultrasonographic data of 132 patients with a histopathological diagnosis of endometrial polyps and 264 women without endometrial alterations (control) were compared in order to evaluate the predictive factors of endometrial polyps. Women with amenorrhea ≥12 months and ≥45 years of age were included in the study at a proportion of 1 case for 2 controls. The Student's t, χ2, and logistic regression tests were used for statistical analysis – odds ratio (OR).

RESULTS:

Patients with endometrial polyps were older and had been in menopause for a longer time compared to control (p<0.0001). The percentage of obese women with polyps (72.0%) was higher compared to the Control Group (39%; p<0.0001). The measurement of waist circumference was superior among patients with polyps (p=0.0001). We observed a higher incidence of diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidemia in patients with endometrial polyps (p<0.0001). According to the US National Cholesterol Education Program/Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP/ATP III) criteria, 48.5% of women with polyps and 33.3% of the Control Group were classified as having metabolic syndrome (p=0.004). Analysis of risk for endometrial polyps formation showed higher chances of occurrence of the disorder in patients with: BMI≥25 kg/m2 (OR=4.6; 95%CI 2.1–10.0); glucose ≥100 mg/dL (OR=2.8; 95%CI 1.3–5.9); dyslipidemia (OR=7.0; 95%CI 3.7–13.3); diabetes (OR=2.5; 95%CI 1.0–6.3), and metabolic syndrome (OR=2.7; 95%CI 1.1–6.4) compared to the Control Group.

CONCLUSION:

In postmenopausal women, obesity, dyslipidemia, hyperglycemia and presence of metabolic syndrome were predictive factors for the development of endometrial polyps.

Palavras-chave : Endometrium; Risk factors; Menopause; Polyps; Metabolic syndrome X.

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