SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.38 número5Endometriose, reserva ovariana e taxa de nascidos vivos após FIV/ICSIIncidência de infecção cervical pelo vírus papiloma humano e neoplasia intraepitelial cervical em mulheres com sorologia positiva e negativa para o HIV índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
Home Pagelista alfabética de periódicos  

Serviços Personalizados




Links relacionados


Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia

versão impressa ISSN 0100-7203versão On-line ISSN 1806-9339


DALLANEZI, Glauber et al. Physical Activity Level of Post-menopausal Women with Low Bone Mineral Density. Rev. Bras. Ginecol. Obstet. [online]. 2016, vol.38, n.5, pp.225-230. ISSN 1806-9339.


Proper physical activity is related to the prevention and the treatment of osteoporosis.


To assess the level of physical activity (PA) in post-menopausal women with low bone mineral density ( BMD ).


This cross-sectional clinical study included 123 post-menopausal women. The inclusion criteria were: age of 45 years with last menses at least 12 months prior to the initiation of the study, and bone density scan (BDS) values measured over the preceding 12 months. Women with severe osteoarthritis were excluded. Women were allocated into three groups, according to BMD measured by BDS [osteoporosis (OP; 54 women), osteopenia (35 women), and normal bone density (NBD; 35 women)], and compared for general, clinical, and anthropometric data, and for PA level. The latter was assessed using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), in metabolic equivalent of task (MET) units. Participants were classified as sedentary, active or very active. Quantitative variables were compared using ANOVA followed by Tukey's test. Associations between qualitative variables were tested by Chi-square (χ2) or Fisher's exact test. In order to check for differences among groups and IPAQ domains, a generalized linear model with Gamma distribution was adjusted for values in METs.


The OP group differed from the NBD group regarding age (61.8 10.1 and 52.9 5.4 years), percentage of participants with self-declared white ethnicity (43.9 and 28.0%), body mass index (BMI - 25.7 5.4 and 30.9 5.1 kg/m2), and time since menopause (15.5 7.5 and 5.8 4.5 years). Smoking rates were higher in the OP (55.6%) and NBD groups (33.3%) than in the osteopenia group (11.1%). Within the OP group, the rate of subjects with sedentary lifestyles was higher (42.6%), and time spent sitting was greater (344.3 204.8 METs) than in the groups with osteopenia (20.0 % and 300.9 230.6 METs) and NBD (17.7% and 303.2 187.9 METs).


The rate of sedentary lifestyles was higher in post-menopausal women with OP than in those with either osteopenia or NBD. In order to change this physical inactivity profile, strategies should be created to address this group of patients.

Palavras-chave : osteoporosis; metabolic bone diseases; exercise; questionnaires.

        · resumo em Português     · texto em Inglês     · Inglês ( pdf )