Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira
Print version ISSN 0100-736X
SALVADOR, Sandro César et al. Meningoencephalitis in cattle caused by bovine herpesvirus-5 in Mato Grosso do Sul and São Paulo. Pesq. Vet. Bras. [online]. 1998, vol.18, n.2, pp. 76-83. ISSN 0100-736X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-736X1998000200007.
Fifteen outbreaks of bovine herpesvirus-type 5 (BHV-5) infection were diagnosed from August 1993 to December 1996. Fourteen outbreaks occurred in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul and one in the State of São Paulo. Cattle 6 to 60 months old were affected. Morbidity reached 0.05% to 5% and case fatality rate was nearly 100%. The disease occurred in different municipalities and at different times of the year. Clinical signs were exclusively nervous, and the clinical course varied from 1 to 15 days. The main histologic lesions were meningitis, diffuse encephalitis and necrosis of the cerebral cortex with intranuclear inclusion bodies in astrocytes and neurons. BHV-5 was isolated from 11 out of 12 brains of infected animals inoculated in calf testis cells and MDBK cells. The virus was identified by immunoperoxidase staining with use of monoclonal specific antibodies. Outbreaks of infection by BHV-5 represent 5% of the total number of bovine cases submitted for diagnosis to the Clinical Hospital of the University of Mato Grosso do Sul. These results indicate the importance of the disease in Mato Grosso do Sul and the need for its differentiation from other diseases which affect the nervous system.
Keywords : Meningoencephalitis; bovine herpesvirus-5; BHV-5; cortical cerebral necrosis; cattle; Mato Grosso do Sul.