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Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira

Print version ISSN 0100-736X

Abstract

DOMINGUES, Helena Gallicchio; SPILKI, Fernando Rosado  and  ARNS, Clarice Weis. Molecular detection and phylogenetic analysis of bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV) in swabs and lung tissues of adult cattle. Pesq. Vet. Bras. [online]. 2011, vol.31, n.11, pp.961-966. ISSN 0100-736X.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-736X2011001100004.

Bovine respiratory syncytial viruses virus (BRSV) is one of the etiologic agents of pneumonia in young cattle. Few studies have been made aiming detection of the virus in samples collected from adult animals, especially those asymptomatic bovines. However, it is assumed that infections in these groups may occur mostly asymptomatic and this would be an important mechanism for maintaining of BRSV in herds. In this study, the goal was to conduct an analysis of the occurrence of asymptomatic infections by BRSV in lung samples (n=68) and nasal swabs (209) taken from adult animals collected in abattoirs from Southern and Southeastern Brazil respectively, to detect via polymerase chain reaction the occurrence of infected animals in populations of adult cattle. The samples that resulted positive (6) on RT-PCR were subsequently subjected to cutting with restriction enzymes and sequencing for genetic characterization (2 samples). All samples belongs to subgroup B of BRSV, which is reported as the one circulating in Brazil. The results obtained demonstrate that BRSV may be present in samples taken from adult animals, which is in agreement the hypothesis that infections in adults run in a sub-clinical way that may be of importance as a maintenance mechanism of the virus in bovine herds.

Keywords : Bovine respiratory syncytial virus; asymptomatic cattle; virus isolation; molecular phylogenetic analysis.

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