Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira
Print version ISSN 0100-736X
PIERI, Naira C.G et al. Shape and function of the perineal muscles of viscacha (Lagostomus maximus). Pesq. Vet. Bras. [online]. 2012, vol.32, n.2, pp. 183-187. ISSN 0100-736X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-736X2012000200016.
Among the rodent species studied we can highlight the wide variation in the morphology of the male reproductive system. Thus, considering the ecological importance of rodents, and the large number and geographical representation of this animal, as well as shortages regarding the reproductive anatomy, we developed this study with viscacha, a South American histricomorph rodent. As this species has some very peculiar reproductive features, we described the gross anatomy of the perineal muscles and the role of copulatory behavior. The perineal region of viscacha is composed of five muscles, three of which are arranged in the superficial genitourinary diaphragm, as Musculus ischiocavernosus, M. bulbocavernosus and M. bulbospongiosus, and the muscles that lie at the pelvic diaphragm, M. levator ani and M. retractor penis. Therefore, we emphasize that the study of the pelvic floor in wild animals is of great value, then contribute to a better understanding of the mechanisms related to erection and ejaculation or collaborate with studies on the reproduction of animals.
Keywords : Perineal muscles; viscacha; Lagostomus maximus.