Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira
Print version ISSN 0100-736X
SANTOS, Sandra B. dos et al. Mycoplasmas species associated with the ear mites in cattle. Pesq. Vet. Bras. [online]. 2012, vol.32, n.4, pp.293-296. ISSN 0100-736X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-736X2012000400004.
This study was carried out to assess the association between of mycoplasmas species with ear mites Raillietia auris and R. flechtmanni in the external ear canal of 60 bovines at slaughter time from the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Steril syringes (60ml) loaded with buffer solution (PBS, pH 7.2) were used for the ear canal flushing. Were processed 218 mites for mycoplasma isolation. A pool of mites from each sampled bovine was washed five times sucessively in 1mL of liquid modified Hayflick´s medium. The washed mites obtained were diluted up to 10-1 at 10-5, inoculated in liquid and solid Hayflick´s media and incubated at 37ºC for 2-3 days, being the plates put into jar for the obtention of microaerofilia condition. The Typical colonies were typified by the indirect imunoperoxidase test (IPI) with paper discs satured with hyperimmune rabbit sera. In the studied bovine high prevalence was verified Raillietia spp. 76.7% (46/60). The parasitism by mycoplasmas and mites was verified in 40 animals (74.1%), this association was significant (p<0.001). Among the mites processed for isolation mycoplasmas 193 were female and 25 males. The frequency of Mycoplasma in Raillietia spp. was of 81.2% (177/218) (p<0.001). Of the females identified 52.3% (101/193) were R. auris and 47.7% (92/193) were R. flechtmanni. The frequency of Mycoplasma in the females of R. auris was of 75.2% (76/101) and 88% (81/92) in R. flechtmanni (P<0.05). The mycoplasmas species typified by IPI in the Raillietia auris mites were M. alkalescens 6.9%, M. arginini 3.4%, M. bovirhinis 9.2%, M. conjunctivae 18.4%, M. mycoides mycoides LC 8.0%, M. capricolum 5.7%. In the R. flechtmanni mites mycoplasmas species typified were M. alkalescens 12.2%, M. arginini 1.0%, M. bovirhinis 18.9%, M. bovis 2.2%, M. conjunctivae 21.0%, M. mycoides mycoides LC 11.0% e M. capricolum 4.4%. The species of identified mycoplasmas in the external ear canal bovine and mites were exactly the same. The results confirm that the external ear canal cattle's ear canal is also a mycoplasmas source, including potentially pathogenic species for cattle, and these mollicutes are closely related with mites Raillietia spp. that is carrier and this agent in your organism.
Keywords : Mycoplasmas; ear mites; Gamasida; bovine; external ear canal; mycoplasmosis; transmission.