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Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira
Print version ISSN 0100-736X
BARROS, Mércia R. et al. Antimicrobial resistance and plasmidial profile of Escherichia coli strain isolated from broilers and commercial layers in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil. Pesq. Vet. Bras. [online]. 2012, vol.32, n.5, pp.405-410. ISSN 0100-736X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-736X2012000500008.
Although exist poultry non-pathogenic Escherichia coli strains, many others have capacity to impose serious damages to this birds, being able to cause different infectious diseases. Pathogenic strains are termed Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) strains. APEC strains harbor chromossomal and plasmid pathogenicity-related genes. The presence of resistance plasmids in avian E. coli strains could facilitate horizontal tranfer of virulence gene between pathogenic and non pathogenic strains. The aim of this paper was to determine the resistance level to 13 different antibacterial drugs of avian E. coli strains (35) isolated from commercial poultry of Pernambuco State, Brazil, and to correlate the detected resistance level to the presence of plasmids. The results show that 94.28% of strains were resistant to at least three different antibacterial drugs with the highest percentage to lincomycin. The Minimal Inibitory Concentration (MIC) showed that multi- resistance to various antibacterial drugs was present in these strains. Plasmids of several sizes, including plasmids of approximately 88Mda were detected in most of the studied strains. The results herein obtained suggest that the high resistance level observed could be due to the presence of plasmids, what could facilitate the transfer of pathogenicity related genes among pathogenic and non pathogenic strains; it is necessary to take a constant survey on the resistance level to antimicrobial drugs of avian E. coli strains to reach a better control of APEC strains and avoid transfer of pathogenicity related genes between strains.
Keywords : Antibiotics; Escherichia coli; resistance; plasmid; birds.