Journal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences
Print version ISSN 0100-7386
ANTONIA, R. A. and KROGSTAD, P-A.. Effect of different surface roughnesses on a turbulent boundary layer. J. Braz. Soc. Mech. Sci. [online]. 2000, vol.22, n.1, pp.1-15. ISSN 0100-7386. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-73862000000100001.
The classical treatment of rough wall turbulent boundary layers consists in determining the effect the roughness has on the mean velocity profile. This effect is usually described in terms of the roughness function D U+. The general implication is that different roughness geometries with the same D U+ will have similar turbulence characteristics, at least at a sufficient distance from the roughness elements. Measurements over two different surface geometries (a mesh roughness and spanwise circular rods regularly spaced in the streamwise direction) with nominally the same D U+ indicate significant differences in the Reynolds stresses, especially those involving the wall-normal velocity fluctuation, over the outer region. The differences are such that the Reynolds stress anisotropy is smaller over the mesh roughness than the rod roughness. The Reynolds stress anisotropy is largest for a smooth wall. The small-scale anisotropy and interniittency exhibit much smaller differences when the Taylor microscale Reynolds number and the Kolmogorov-normalized mean shear are nominally the same. There is nonetheless evidence that the small-scale structure over the three-dimensional mesh roughness conforms more closely with isotropy than that over the rod-roughened and smooth walls.
Keywords : Turbulence; boundary layer; roughness.