Journal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences
Print version ISSN 0100-7386
AVELINO, Mila R. An experimental/numerical study of the turbulent boundary layer development along a surface with a sudden change in roughness. J. Braz. Soc. Mech. Sci. [online]. 2000, vol.22, n.1, pp.93-104. ISSN 0100-7386. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-73862000000100008.
A theory for the description of turbulent boundary layer flows over surfaces with a sudden change in roughness is considered. The theory resorts to the concept of displacement in origin to specify a wall function boundary condition for a k-e model. An approximate algebraic expression for the displacement in origin is obtained from the experimental data by using the chart method of Perry and Joubert(J.F.M., vol. 17, pp. 193-122, 1963). This expression is subsequently included in the near wall logarithmic velocity profile, which is then adopted as a boundary condition for a k-e modelling of the external flow. The results are compared with the lower atmospheric observations made by Bradley(Q. J. Roy. Meteo. Soc., vol. 94, pp. 361-379, 1968) as well as with velocity profiles extracted from a set of wind tunnel experiments carried out by Avelino et al.( 7th ENCIT, 1998). The measurements are found to be in good agreement with the theoretical computations. The skin-friction coefficient was calculated according to the chart method of Perry and Joubert(J.F.M., vol. 17, pp. 193-122, 1963) and to a balance of the integral momentum equation. In particular, the growth of the internal boundary layer thickness obtained from the numerical simulation is compared with predictions of the experimental data calculated by two methods, the "knee" point method and the "merge" point method.
Keywords : Turbulence; Boundary Layer; Surface Roughness; Atmospheric Flows; k-e model.