Journal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences
versión impresa ISSN 0100-7386
SILVEIRA, P. E.; SOUZA JR., R. de y BIAZOTTO, V. M.. Speed Control of an Autonomous Mobile Robot: Comparison between a PID Control and a Control Using Fuzzy Logic. J. Braz. Soc. Mech. Sci. [online]. 2002, vol.24, n.2, pp. 127-129. ISSN 0100-7386. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-73862002000200008.
An Autonomous Mobile Robot battery driven, with two traction wheels and a steering wheel is being developed. This Robot central control is regulated by an IPC, which controls every function of security, steering, positioning localization and driving. Each traction wheel is operated by a DC motor with independent control system. This system is made up of a chopper, an encoder and a microcomputer. The IPC transmits the velocity values and acceleration ramp references to the PIC microcontrollers. As each traction wheel control is independent, it's possible to obtain different speed values for each wheel. This process facilities the direction and drive changes. Two different strategies for speed velocity control were implemented; one works with PID, and the other with fuzzy logic. There were no changes in circuits and feedback control, except for the PIC microcontroller software. Comparing the two different speed control strategies the results were equivalent. However, in relation to the development and implementation of these strategies, the difficulties were bigger to implement the PID control.
Palabras llave : Mobile robot; fuzzy control; automatic control.