SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.21 issue2Characteristics of rice plants and their competitive ability with weedsRelationships between weed seed species germination and electrical conductivity use author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links


Planta Daninha

Print version ISSN 0100-8358On-line version ISSN 1806-9681


JUAN, V.F.; SAINT-ANDRE, H.  and  FERNANDEZ, R.R.. Competition of spurge toothed (Euphorbia dentata) in soybean. Planta daninha [online]. 2003, vol.21, n.2, pp.175-180. ISSN 0100-8358.

Euphorbia dentata is a spring-summer annual weed first detected in Azul Co., Buenos Aires Province, Argentina., in 1983, in an isolated soybean crop spot crops. It is now found as a weed in 85 % of the cropland, with densities ranging from 20 to 200 plants m-2. Two year- field studies were conducted to determine the competition relationship between soybean and E. dentata. The effect of different weed densities was evaluated on yield parameters and biomass. Both soybean dry weight and yield gave a significant response to weed density and biomass, resulting in a reduction of 80% due to interference starting at a density of 20 plants m2. It was determined that E. dentata has a strong influence on soybean yield showing a linear response at the range of the studied densities, fitted to a regression equation indicating that seed production decreases 6,73 kg ha-1 for each plant m-2 increase of E. dentata. From the crop yield components, the number of pods per plant was more severely affected by competition reducing yield in 40%, when compared to the unweeded treatment. The number of grains per pod and weight of 1000 seeds were significantly affected at high densities of E. dentata (55 plants m-2). High correlation levels were found between soybean seed yield, number of pods per plant and weight of 1000 seeds (98 and 85 % respectively).

Keywords : crop yield; weed densities; biomass; Glycine max; EPHDE.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf epdf )


Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License