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On-line version ISSN 1806-9681
FERREIRA, E.A. et al. Sensitivity of sugarcane cultivars to trifloxysulfuron sodium + ametryn mixture. Planta daninha [online]. 2005, vol.23, n.1, pp. 93-99. ISSN 1806-9681. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-83582005000100012.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the sensitivity of 11 cultivars (SP801842, SP79-1011, SP81-3250, SP80-1816, RB855113, RB835486, RB845210, RB867515, RB928064, RB72454 and RB855536) and four clones (RB947643, RB855002, RB957712 and RB957689) of sugarcane to the pre-formulated mixture of the herbicides trifloxysulfuron-sodium (18.5 g kg-1) + ametryn (731.5 g kg-1), termed Krismat®. Cultivars and clones were cultivated in vases under non-protected environment. In both assays, the herbicide mixture was applied at 60 days after sprouting. In assay 1, the herbicide mixture was applied at a single rate of 2.00 kg ha-1 on all the cultivars and clones, while in assay 2 it was applied at rates of 1.00; 2.00; and 6.00 kg ha-1 on cultivars RB855113 and RB867515. After herbicide application and harvest at 45 days after treatment (DAT), weekly evaluations of phytotoxicity (%),and dry matter were conducted as well. The variables plant height, leaf number, leaf area and dry matter of the aerial part and stalk were evaluated only in the second assay. RB855113 cultivar showed the highest sensitivity to the herbicide mixture; the genotypes SP80-1842, SP80-1816, SP79-1011 and RB957689 showed medium sensitivity and the clones presented good tolerance. For the RB855113 cultivar, the highest toxicity index was observed from 20 to 27 DAT. Reduction of plant height, leaf number, foliar area and dry matter of the aerial part and stalk was observed during this period due to the increase of the product doses. Cultivar RB867515 was tolerant at the lowest herbicide doses. However, it was found to be sensitive, at the highest tested dose.
Keywords : herbicides; tolerance; selectivity.