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Planta Daninha

Print version ISSN 0100-8358On-line version ISSN 1806-9681

Abstract

OLIVEIRA JR., R.S. et al. Interaction between burndown systems and post-emergence weed control affecting soybean development and yield. Planta daninha [online]. 2006, vol.24, n.4, pp.721-732. ISSN 1806-9681.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-83582006000400013.

This work aimed to evaluate the interaction between burndown methods and systems of post-emergence weed control in soybeans, cv. BRS 154, under no-tillage, in areas with expressive soil green cover. Thirteen treatments in a factorial scheme (3x4) +1, were evaluated. Main factors were composed by three burndown systems (desiccation immediately before sowing; desiccation 10 days prior to crop sowing and anticipated desiccation, composed by two burndown herbicide applications, being the first one 24 days prior to sowing and the second one immediately before sowing), four post-emergence weed control systems (no control, manual weeding, sequential herbicide application and single herbicide application) and an additional treatment constituted by an absolute check (no burndown and no post-emergence weed control). Although the final level of desiccation achieved by the different burndown systems was similar, the anticipation of cover desiccation provided by anticipated burndown system led to improved emergence and initial soybean development, leading to increased yield. Burndown choice also affected the initial weed fluxes after soybean emergence, with lower weed densities at anticipated burndown system, as a function of weed control of the first fluxes given by the second herbicide application in this system. Burndown at sowing date or 10 days prior to sowing decreased soybean development, leading to lower grain yields. Anticipated burndown allowed increased soybean yield, as compared to other burndown systems.

Keywords : sequential application; desiccation; no-tillage.

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