Print version ISSN 0100-8358
SCHWANKE, A.M.L. et al. Seed germination and dormancy of red rice ecotypes. Planta daninha [online]. 2008, vol.26, n.3, pp. 497-505. ISSN 0100-8358. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-83582008000300004.
The objective of this work was to evaluate aspects related to the phenotypic characterization of red rice ecotypes collected in the states of Rio Grande do Sul and Santa Catarina. The ecotypes were studied and compared to the commercial rice cultivars BR-IRGA 409, BR-IRGA 410, IRGA 417, and El Paso L 144. In the laboratory experiment, seed biometry, 1000 seed-weight and seed germination and dormancy 30, 60, 90, 120, and 150 days after harvesting were evaluated. The red rice ecotypes from the rice fields evaluated showed wide variability in seed characteristics and dormancy intensity and duration. Some ecotypes showed dormancy period above 150 days after harvesting. The results of this study confirm that red rice populations infesting rice fields are quite diverse, and appropriate control of red rice is only achieved when growers adopt not only isolated control measures, but also several management practices to reduce red rice yield losses.
Keywords : irrigated rice; weedy rice; and seed viability.