Print version ISSN 0100-8358
REIS, M.R. et al. Impact of glyphosate associated with endosulphan and tebuconazole on the endosymbiotic microorganisms of the soybean. Planta daninha [online]. 2010, vol.28, n.1, pp. 113-121. ISSN 0100-8358. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-83582010000100014.
The objective of this work was to evaluate the effects of glyphosate, in sequential applications, and its interaction with endosulphan + tebuconazole on mycorrhizal colonization, nodulation, and leaf concentrations of P and N of soybean plants. The experiment was conducted in the field in a Yellow-Red Argisol in the 2007/2008 crop year. Ten treatments were installed in split plots following a randomized block design with four replications. Endosulphan + tebuconazole application was done in the main plots, while the different methods of weed control in the sub-plots (unhoed control, hoed control, single application of glyphosate, sequential application of glyphosate, single application of fomesafen + fluazifop-p-butyl). Shoot and nodule dry matter, nodule number, mycorrhizal colonization, and N and P concentrations were evaluated when the soybean plants reached the R2 stage. Glyphosate and fomesafen + fluazifop-p-butyl did not cause reductions in nodule dry matter, except in the presence of endosulphan + tebuconazole. Glyphosate in sequential applications, in the absence of endosulphan + tebuconazole, promoted decreases in nodule number. Fomesafen + fluazifop-p-butyl and glyphosate in sequential applications negatively affected N concentrations in the leaves compared to the hoed control, in the absence of endosulphan + tebuconazole. Glyphosate did not affect the mycorrhizal colonization regardless of the application of endosulphan + tebuconazole. However, fomesafen + fluazifop-p-butyl led to increases in the mycorrhizal colonization in the absence of endosulphan + tebuconazole. Glyphosate applied sequentially on soybean plants, under the conditions studied, did not affect the mycorrhizal colonization and nodulation.
Keywords : mycorrhizal fungi; N2-fixing bacteria; Roundup Ready.