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Planta Daninha

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VIDAL, R.A.; RAINERO, H.P.; KALSING, A.  and  TREZZI, M.M.. Exploration of herbicide associations to prevent glyphosate tolerant and resistant weeds. Planta daninha [online]. 2010, vol.28, n.1, pp.159-165. ISSN 0100-8358.

The intense use of glyphosate in Argentina has increased the spread of weeds with tolerance to this herbicide, like Ipomoea nil. Cases of weed resistance to ALS inhibitors were documented in Argentina with Amaranthus quitensis. Likewise, in Brazil, it has increased weed resistance to glyphosate in weeds such as Lolium multiflorum and Euphorbia heterophylla. The objective of this research was to assess antagonism or synergism to control of the mentioned weeds for all possible combinations between two of the following herbicides: glyphosate, imazethapyr, clomazone, and lactofen. Biotypes susceptible to all herbicides were used in the research. Seedlings of A. hybridus with two cm and of the others with seven cm, were treated with the herbicides glyphosate, imazethapyr, clomazone and lactofen at 108, 10, 160 y 30 g ha-1 a.i. respectively, applied alone. Six additional treatments were included in all possible combinations between two of the herbicides and doses as described above. An untreated control was also used. A non-ionic adjuvant at a ratio of 0.2% was added to all treatments, except for the treatment of glyphosate alone and the untreated. The effect of the herbicide mixtures depended on the species tested and also on the herbicides used. Synergism was obtained only in the mixture glyphosate + imazethapyr. Clomazone resulted predominantly in antagonism, and lactofen had a neutral effect in most of the evaluated herbicide mixtures. Herbicide combinations are considered potentially useful in controlling weeds resistant or tolerant to glyphosate.

Keywords : tolerance; resistance; glyphosate; synergism; antagonism.

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