Print version ISSN 0100-8358
GALON, L. et al. Tolerance of new sugarcane genotypes to herbicides. Planta daninha [online]. 2010, vol.28, n.2, pp. 329-338. ISSN 0100-8358. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-83582010000200012.
The effects of the herbicides ametryn, trifloxysulfuron-sodium and the mixture (ametryn + trifloxysulfuron-sodium) on the yield components of ten sugarcane genotypes were evaluated in this study. The experiment was conducted in a Paleudultand and t was arranged in a randomized block design with split plots. The herbicides ametryn (2.000 g ha-1), tryfloxysulfuron-sodium (22,5 g ha-1) were allocated in the plots as well the commercial mixture ametryn + trifloxysulfuron-sodium (1.463 + 37 g ha-1) and control without herbicide application (hoed). The herbicides were applied at as initial post-emergence of the crop. The sugar cane genotypes (RB72454, RB835486, RB855113, RB855156, RB867515, RB925211, RB925345, RB937570, RB947520 and SP801816) were allocated in the subplots. At 14, 45 and 60 days after treatment application (DTA), sugarcane genotype intoxication by the herbicides was evaluated, using grades. At 14 and 45 DTA, plants had their leaf area and dry matter determined. Plant height was measured at 14 and 360 DTA, and stem productivity was determined by harvest time, 430 days after planting. The genotype RB855156 was the most sensitive to the applied products and the genotypes RB925345, RB947520 and SP80-1816, the most tolerant. In all cases of intoxication, a complete recovery of the crop was observed up to 60 DTA. It was concluded that selectivity of sugarcane to the herbicides ametryn, trifloxysulfuron-sodium and ametryn + trifloxysulfuron-sodium is dependent on the cultivated genotype.
Keywords : Saccharum spp.; herbicide selectivity; ametryn; trifloxysulfuron-sodium.