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Planta Daninha

Print version ISSN 0100-8358

Abstract

RODRIGUES-COSTA, A.C.P et al. Selectivity of pre-emergence herbicides applied on forage grasses. Planta daninha [online]. 2011, vol.29, n.3, pp. 625-633. ISSN 0100-8358.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-83582011000300017.

This study aimed to evaluate the selectivity of pre-emergence herbicides on yield and seed quality of Brachiaria brizantha cv. Brizantha and Brachiaria decumbens cv. Basilisk. The herbicides evaluated were: diuron (800 and 1.600 g ha-1), ametryn (625 and 1.250 g ha-1), imazaquin (75 and 150 g ha-1), imazethapyr (50 and 100 g ha-1) and flumetsulam (70 and 140 g ha-1), plus a control without herbicide application. The species were evaluated separately in the field. The experiments were arranged in a randomized block design with four replications. The herbicides ametryn (625 g ha-1), imazaquin (75 and 150 g ha-1), imazethapyr (50 and 100 g ha-1), and flumetsulam (70 and 140 g ha-1) provided the highest selectivity to B. brizantha plants, while for B. decumbens, diuron (800 and 1.600 g ha-1), ametryn (625 and 1.250 g ha-1), and imazethapyr (50 and 100 g ha-1) were more selective, especially diuron, at the lowest dose. However, the tested herbicides do not affect the yield and quality of the seeds of the forage grasses studied.

Keywords : Brachiaria brizantha; Brachiaria decumbens; pasture; germination.

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