Print version ISSN 0100-8358
CASTRO, G.S.A; CRUSCIOL, C.A.C; NEGRISOLI, E and PERIM, L. Weed incidence in grain production systems. Planta daninha [online]. 2011, vol.29, n.spe, pp. 1001-1010. ISSN 0100-8358. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-83582011000500006.
Tillage and other agricultural production systems can contribute to weed suppression. Thus, the objective of this study was to evaluate weed control using different grain production systems. The treatments were: I. "Harvest-fallow" System- soybean/fallow/corn/fallow/rice/ fallow/soybean; II. "Harvest-green manure" System-soybean/millet/maize/pigeon pea/rice/ Crotalaria/soybean; III. "Harvest-out of season" System-soy/white oats/corn/dry bean/rice/castor oil/soybean; and IV "Harvest-fodder" System-brachiaria + soy/corn + brachiaria/brachiaria + rice/ soybeans.A weed survey was carried out in November 2009, after three growing seasons. A 0.3 x 0.3 m frame was randomly launched four times within each plot. The plants were identified, and the total number of weeds, dry weight, and control percentage of the species were determined according to the production system. The phytosociological analysis of the weed community was also conducted. The systems Harvest-green manure; Harvest-out of season and Harvest-fodder presented a good weed control when compared to the Harvest-fallow system. Therefore, the presence of some type of soil cover is important to maintain favorable soil characteristics and good weed control.
Keywords : crop rotation; weed; green manure; out of season; crop-livestock integration.