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Planta Daninha

Print version ISSN 0100-8358

Abstract

GIROTTO, M. et al. Effect of hexazinone applied alone and in combination on the photosynthetic efficiency of Panicum maximum. Planta daninha [online]. 2012, vol.30, n.2, pp. 341-347. ISSN 0100-8358.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-83582012000200013.

This work aimed to evaluate the speed and intensity of action of hexazinone applied alone and in combination with other photo-system II inhibitors on the photosynthetic efficiency of Panicum maximum in post-emergence. The assay consisted of six treatments: hexazinone (250 g ha-1), tebuthiuron (1.0 kg ha-1), hexazinone + tebuthiuron (125 g ha-1+ 0.5 kg ha-1), diuron (2,400 g ha-1), hexazinone + diuron (125 + 1,200 g ha-1), metribuzin (1,440 g ha-1), hexazinone + metribuzin (125 + 720 g ha-1) and a control. The experiment was conducted in a randomized design with four replications. After treatment application, plants were transported to a greenhouse with controlled temperature and humidity, remaining there throughout the experimental period, during which electron transport rate and visual analysis of intoxication were assessed. The fluorometer evaluation was performed at intervals of01, 02, 06, 24, 48, 72, 120, and168 hours after application, and visual assessments at 3 and 7 days after application. The results showed differences in the treatments, with the application ofthe herbicide diuron slowly reducing electron transport, compared with the other herbicides, and presenting a synergistic effect when mixed with hexazinone. Early intoxication of P. maximum plants was verified with the use ofthe fluorometer, after application of the photo-system IIinhibitors, alone and in combination.

Keywords : fluorescence; electron flow; photo-system; fluorometer.

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