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Planta Daninha

Print version ISSN 0100-8358

Abstract

SILVA, A.F.; CRUZ, C.; N. NETO, A.  and  PITELLI, R.A.. Ecotoxicity of herbicides for the aquatic macrophyte (Azolla caroliniana). Planta daninha [online]. 2012, vol.30, n.3, pp.541-546. ISSN 0100-8358.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-83582012000300009.

The objectives of this study were to evaluate Azolla caroliniana as test plant in ecotoxicological studies and to estimate the LC50; 7d of the herbicides 2,4 D , glyphosate, and clomazone oxyfluorfen. The plants were acclimatized in the bioassay room. Five plants in 50 mL Hoagland culture medium were selected. After that, 50 mL of Hoagland and the herbicide were added, completing the volume to 100 mL. The 50% lethal concentration (LC50; 7d) for A. caroliniana exposed to the herbicide 2,4- D, was 708.35 mg L-1; to glyphosate (formulation Scout®), 23.66 mg L-1; to glyphosate (formulation Trop®), 38.91 mg L-1; to clomazone, 129.63 mg L-1; and to oxyflourfen, 80.50 mg L-1. The herbicides glyphosate (Scout® and Trop®) and oxyflourfen were classified as moderately toxic to A. caroliniana, while clomazone and 2,4-D were classified as practically non-toxic. It was concluded that A. caroliniana plants can be used as bio-indicators for glyphosate and oxyfluorfen-based herbicides.

Keywords : bioindicator; acute toxicity; pesticides; macrophytes.

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