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Planta Daninha

Print version ISSN 0100-8358

Abstract

SOHRABI KERTABAD, S.; RASHED MOHASSEL, M.H.; NASIRI MAHALATI, M.  and  GHEREKHLOO, J.. Some biological aspects of the weed Lesser celandine (Ranunculus ficaria). Planta daninha [online]. 2013, vol.31, n.3, pp.577-585. ISSN 0100-8358.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-83582013000300010.

Lesser celandine (Ranunculaceae) is a perennial weed with tuberous root. Tubers are the most important means of reproduction and dispersion of this weed. In recent years, it has spread into wheat fields in Western Iran, mainly in the Lorestan province. A series of experiments were conducted to determine cardinal temperatures and to study the effects of pre-chilling, temperature fluctuations, tuber size, freezing and drying on germination of the tubers, as well as the effect of planting depth on sprouting of the tubers. The results obtained showed that the highest percentage of germination occurred when tubers were stored for more than 2 weeks at 4 or 8 ºC. The optimum temperature for germination differed in large and small tubers (8 and 14 oC, respectively). Germination was the highest (almost 100%) at temperature fluctuations of 5-10 oC. Germination of the finger-like and small tubers was the highest (95%); however, very small, small, and broken tubers showed the lowest germination percentage. In the freezing experiment, decreasing the temperature and increasing the storage duration decreased the germination of tubers. Increasing the osmotic potential and temperature resulted in decreased tuber germination of Lesser celandine. Lesser celandine could sprout down to 20 cm depth but heat demand for tubers from superficial depth was smaller than for tubers planted at greater depth.

Keywords : freezing; germination; osmotic potential; tuberous root.

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