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Planta Daninha

Print version ISSN 0100-8358

Abstract

MATZENBACHER, F.O.; VIDAL, R.A.; MEROTTO JR., A  and  TREZZI, M.M.. Environmental and physiological factors that affect the efficacy of herbicides that inhibit the enzyme protoporphyrinogen oxidase: a literature review. Planta daninha [online]. 2014, vol.32, n.2, pp.457-463. ISSN 0100-8358.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-83582014000200024.

Herbicides that inhibit the enzyme protoporphyrinogen oxidase (PROTOX) are usually effective to control dicotyledonous weeds and their agronomic efficacy is affected by environmental and physiological factors. The objective of this review is to summarize the knowledge of those factors available in the scientific literature in the last decade. Environmental factors that influence PROTOX inhibitors include temperature, irradiance and relative humidity. The most relevant physiological factors are the activity of enzymes that can detoxify herbicides and also of enzymes that mitigate the effects of oxidative stress in plants. The study also suggests some possible management strategies that could optimize the activity of PROTOX-inhibiting herbicides.

Keywords : temperature; light; relative humidity; enzymes.

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