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Planta Daninha

Print version ISSN 0100-8358On-line version ISSN 1806-9681

Abstract

TIMOSSI, P.C.; TEIXEIRA, I.R.; LIMA, S.F.  and  TELLES, T.F.M.. Weed Management with Urochloa ruziziensis in Three Sowing Methods. Planta daninha [online]. 2018, vol.36, e018142087.  Epub July 10, 2018. ISSN 0100-8358.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s0100-83582018360100060.

This research aimed at investigating which sowing method is more suitable for the deployment of Urochloa ruziziensis to suppress the weed community in no-tillage. The design was a randomized block ones, with a 3 x 2 factorial design, in which the first factor was composed of three sowing methods (broadcast, broadcast with incorporation or line sowing) and factor B consisted in the application and non-application of the herbicide 2,4-D. On day 30 and 60 after sowing (DAS), the relative importance of the present plant species was determined. On day 120 and 180 DAS, the accumulation of biomass and the plant cover percentage on the soil provided by the cover crop and weed species were determined. Moreover, on day 180 DAS, the density of the existing weeds was determined. The weed with the highest occurrence in the area was Conyza canadenses, and the lowest percentage of soil covering by signalgrass and the greates occurrence of weeds occurred with broadcast seeding. It is possible to conclude that the broadcast seeding with the incorporation of signalgrass seeds and line sowing methods provide enough plant cover to suppress weed species, avoiding the application of the herbicide 2,4-D in order to suppress the infesting community.

Keywords : Brachiaria ruziziensis; Conyza sp.; no-tillage; 2,4-D..

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