Brazilian Journal of Botany
Print version ISSN 0100-8404
TORRES, Roseli Buzanelli; MARTINS, Fernando Roberto and KINOSHITA, Luiza Sumiko. Climate, soil and tree flora relationships in forests in the state of São Paulo, southeastern Brasil. Rev. bras. Bot. [online]. 1997, vol.20, n.1, pp. 41-49. ISSN 0100-8404. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-84041997000100004.
ABSTRACT - (Climate, soil and tree flora relationships in forests in the state of São Paulo, southteastern Brasil). With the aim of verifying possible influences of abiotic features on the spatial distribution of forest tree species and families, thirteen surveys in the state of São Paulo were selected, representing different conditions (localization at the extreme coordenates and altitudes, succesional stages, surveying methods). By applying Jaccard's Index to the binary matrices of 806 synonymized specific binomina and 79 families (Cronquist's system) phenograms were constructed using the method of the unweighted pair grouping by mathematical average (UPGMA). The species formed two floristic blocks: hygrophyllous (yearly rainfall greater than 2000 mm without dry season) and mesophyllous (yearly rainfall about 1400 mm with variable dry season). The latter was divided in two other groups: the high-altitudinal (median altitudes higher than 750 m, frost average frequency greater than 3 days/year) and low-altitudinal. Both mesophyllous floristic blocks were subdivided according to soil conditions (texture, eutrophism, acid or allic dystrophism, iron content). At the family level the relations were weak, but also showed the soil nutritional status as a possible constraint to the spatial partition of families.
Keywords : Tropical forests; tree flora; soil; climate; soil thermohydric regimes.