Brazilian Journal of Botany
Print version ISSN 0100-8404
SASSAKI, Regina M. and FELIPPE, G.M.. Response of Dalbergia miscolobium Benth. seedlings, a cerrado tree species, to mineral nutrient supply. Rev. bras. Bot. [online]. 1998, vol.21, n.1, pp. 65-72. ISSN 0100-8404. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-84041998000100006.
(Response of Dalbergia miscolobium Benth. seedlings, a cerrado tree species, to a mineral nutrient supply). The soil under the Brazilian cerrado vegetation is very poor in nutrients. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the addition of a nutrient solution in the early growth of D. miscolobium, a typical cerrado tree species, cultivated in cerrado soil. Seeds were germinated in Petri dishes and seven-day old seedlings were transfered to pots containing cerrado soil. These were supplied once a week with a normal, 1/2 or 1/10 strength nutrient solution. Four growth analysis were done over a period of 145 days from seed imbibition, in terms of dry mass, leaf area and carbohydrate and nitrogen contents. Other derived parameters were also analysed. The addition of a nutrient solution promoted early growth with a preferential separation of dry matter towards the tops; in the control seedlings (no nutrient addition) more dry matter accumulated in the root system. This suggests a preferential investment in root growth in poor soils such as the cerrado ones. Reliable evidence of this is given by the level of carbohydrate and protein which was higher in the roots than in the tops of plants growing in cerrado soil without the addition of nutrients.
Keywords : Dalbergia miscolobium; carbohydrate content; nitrogen content; early growth; nutrient solution.