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Brazilian Journal of Botany

On-line version ISSN 1806-9959

Abstract

BRUM, Francis Maria Rocho de  and  RANDI, Aurea Maria. Germination of spores and growth of gametophytes and sporophytes of Rumohra adiantiformis (Forst.) Ching (Dryopteridaceae) after spore cryogenic storage. Rev. bras. Bot. [online]. 2006, vol.29, n.3, pp. 489-495. ISSN 1806-9959.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-84042006000300016.

Rumohra adiantiformis (Forst.) Ching is a fern (Dryopteridaceae) used in floral arrangements. Spores sterilized in 15% (v/v) solution of commercial sodium hypochlorite for 10 minutes and unsterilized spores were plunged in liquid nitrogen and held for 15 minutes and for 90 days. After the cryogenic treatments, spores were taken out of liquid nitrogen and rapidly thawed out in a water bath or slowly at room temperature and were cultured in Mohr's mineral solution as modified by Dyer, kept at 25 ± 2 ºC and a 16-hours photoperiod. Statistical differences were not observed in the germination of unsterilized spores immersed or not immersed in liquid nitrogen, but when the spores were previously sterilized, a severe inhibition of germination was observed in cryopreserved spores. Faster mean germination time was observed for unsterilized spores cryopreserved in liquid nitrogen for 15 minutes. The germination of spores stored in liquid nitrogen for 90 days reached the maximum percentage after 12 days, while control spores reached their maximum percentage after 16 days. Levels of soluble sugars did not vary among treatments in gametophytes cultivated for 10 weeks after spore inoculation. The number of fronds and the length of the longest frond on sporophytes did not differ statistically among treatments. The relative growth rate of sporophytes grown from cryopreserved and control spores were not statistically different among treatments. Spores of R. adiantiformis immersed in liquid nitrogen for 15 minutes apparently produced phenotypically normal plants.

Keywords : liquid nitrogen; Rumohra; storage.

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