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Brazilian Journal of Botany
On-line version ISSN 1806-9959
LOPES, Maria Aparecida. Population structure of Eschweilera coriacea (DC.) S. A. Mori in forest fragments in eastern Brazilian Amazonia. Rev. bras. Bot. [online]. 2007, vol.30, n.3, pp.509-519. ISSN 1806-9959. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-84042007000300015.
The population structure of a common canopy tree was examined in three sites to investigate the possible effects of forest fragmentation in eastern Amazonia. Evidence for the escape hypothesis of differential seed/seedling survival was evaluated. Two 1 ha plots were established at each site and all individuals of Eschweilera coriacea (DC.) S. A. Mori over 1 m tall were tagged, measured and mapped. Smaller individuals were recorded in the same way within subplots. Mature individuals were abundant at all sites with densities of 32-52 ha-1. The species exhibited substantial regeneration, although total population density varied fourfold among sites (1,256-4,805 individuals ha-1). Overall, juveniles were clumped while adults were randomly distributed. The difference between the dispersion pattern of adults and juveniles supported the escape hypothesis. However, no difference in population structure among sites could be related to the forest fragmentation.
Keywords : dispersion pattern; escape hypothesis; forest fragmentation; Neotropical forest; population density.