Brazilian Journal of Botany
Print version ISSN 0100-8404
OYAMA, Sayuri de Oliveira and SOUZA, Luiz Antonio de. Morphology and anatomy of the developing fruit of Maclura tinctoria, Moraceae. Rev. bras. Bot. [online]. 2011, vol.34, n.2, pp.187-195. ISSN 0100-8404. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-84042011000200006.
(Morphology and anatomy of the developing fruit of Maclura tinctoria, Moraceae). Maclura tinctoria (L.) D. Don ex Steudel was selected for the present study due of its economic and medicinal importance. The purpose of this investigation is to present a detailed description of the fruit development, specially by: (a) defining the fruit type presented by the species, and (b) characterizing the seed type of the species based upon the presence or not of mechanical tissue on the seed-coat. The fruit originates from the subglobose female inflorescence which consists of small unipistillate flowers with superior ovary, unilocular and uniovular apical placentation. The mature fruit is multiple, constituted of small drupes. The ovule is ana-campylotropous, suspended, bitegmic and crassinucellate. The mature seed is flattened, slightly ovated, cream colored, with unspecialized membrane coat with thin-walled cells more or less crushed. The seed has parenchymatic endosperm with lipophilic content. The embryo is straight, with two cotyledons of the same size. Ontogenetic studies reveal that the fruits are infrutescences. The fleshy edible part is derived from the perigone and inflorescence axis. The drupes consist of a single pyrene of macrosclereids.
Keywords : drupe; embryo; integument; pericarp; perigone.